2014年6月2日 星期一

蕭 勤 Hsiao Chin.年表 Bibliography

攝影_鍾建輝

蕭 勤 Hsiao Chin.年表 Bibliography

1935
出生於上海,原籍廣東中山;父蕭友梅為中國近代音樂之啟蒙者,於1927年在上海創辦中國第一座音樂學府-上海音樂學院。

1949
隨姑父王雪艇赴台,入台中二中後轉台北成功中學。

1951
入台灣省立台北師範學校,指導老師為周瑛;亦隨朱德群習素描一個月。

1952
入台北市安東街李仲生畫室,為正式研究現代藝術之始。

1955
年底在台北與夏陽,吳昊,李元佳,陳道明,蕭明賢,歐陽文苑及霍剛創辦中國第一個抽象繪畫團體「東方畫會」。

1956
七月獲西班牙政府獎學金,赴馬德里,但見馬德里藝術學院極保守,決定不入學;同年十一月轉往巴塞隆納。

1957
見巴塞隆納之國立藝術學院亦保守,決定不再入學,同時亦失去獎學金之資格。
參加巴塞隆納之法國學會及皇家藝術協會;開始結識西班牙當時最活躍之非形象藝術家。同時亦為台北聯合報撰寫一系列有關西方前衛藝術之報導。
同年,在巴塞隆納參加爵士沙龍展出,獲選為十位優秀畫家之一;亦開始參加一系的五月沙龍 -當時西班牙最前衛的全國性展覽。並在巴塞隆納附近之馬達洛(Mataro)美術館舉行生平第一次個展。第一屆東方畫展亦於是年底在台北及巴塞隆納花園畫廊同時展出。

1959
第一次在義大利舉行個展,地點是佛羅倫斯之數字畫廊 (galleria Numero),遷居米蘭。

1961
與義大利畫家卡爾代拉拉 (A. Calderara)發起國際「點」(Punto) 藝術運動,曾在義大利、西班牙、荷蘭、台北等地展出;並有多位西班牙、法國、荷蘭藝術家們加入。同時在米蘭阿農查德沙龍舉行米蘭第一次個展;結識馬爾各尼(G. Marconi)開始與之訂了很多年的合約。

1962
與義大利女畫家畢卓結婚。

1963
透過馬爾各尼與達爾疆 (M. D’Arquian) 所主持之當代藝術畫廊締約。

1964
赴巴黎工作三各月,並在當代藝術畫廊舉行個展。

1966
赴倫敦工作半年,並在信號畫廊 (Signals Gallery)展出。

1967
首次赴紐約居住,至一九七一年;女兒莎芒妲 (Samantha) 在紐約出世。並在紐約羅思、弗里特畫廊 (Rose Fried Gallery)舉行個展並與之合作。

1969
在紐約長島大學之南漢普頓學院教授繪畫及素描;與畢卓分居。

1971-72
於米蘭歐洲設計藝術學院任教視覺原理。

1972
於美國路易西安那州立大學教授繪畫及素描;年底赴墨西哥參觀阿再迦及馬雅藝術及建築。

1978
在米蘭與提爾遜 (J. Tilson)、洛布斯提 (G. Rubusti)、蓋格 (R. Geiger)等發起創辦國際SURYA(太陽)藝術運動。應邀返台參加國建會,是第一位與會的藝術家,提出建立美術館及舉辦中外藝術交流多項創意;並在國立歷史博物館舉行個展。

1980
被邀前往北京與上海參加舉行其父蕭友梅逝世四十週年活動;並在北京文化部紅旗禮堂講介西方二十世紀藝術。這是蕭勤三十一年來第一次重返大陸。

1981
東方與五月畫會在台北舉行二十五週年成立展出。

1983-84
在義大利烏爾比諾國立藝術學院教授藝術解剖及畫面分析。

1984-85
在義大利都林國立藝術學院教授裝飾藝術。

1985
始於米蘭國立藝術學院教授版畫至一九九六年。

1986
應中國政府邀請赴北京參加孫中山先生一百週年誕辰紀念活動;並赴巴西展出。

1988
赴蘇聯,參加義大利當代藝術在莫斯科展出,並訪列寧格勒。在米蘭馬爾各尼畫廊舉行大型三十週年回顧展。

1990
女兒莎芒妲在洛杉磯去世。

1991
由於女兒去世之衝擊,蕭勤創作了一系列以「度大限」的新作,闡述生命之新義。東方及五月畫會在台北舉行成立三十五週年展出。

1992
台灣省立美術館為蕭勤舉行回顧展。

1994
北京中央美術學院及杭州中國美術學院為蕭勤舉行回顧展,此為蕭勤首次在中國展出。

1995
台北市立美術館為蕭勤舉行「蕭勤的歷程:1953 - 1994」展。

1996
五月與抒情女高音莫尼卡(Monika Unterberger)在奧地利結婚。
十月起應聘於國立台南藝術學院造形藝術研究所任專任教授。

1998
在巴黎Di Meo 畫廊舉行個展,及在德國達姆斯塔市立美術館舉行1958 - 1998回顧展。

2002
在米蘭馬爾各尼畫廊舉行1958 - 2002繪畫作品回顧展,姆迪馬藝術基金會舉行2001大幅繪畫近作展,拉都阿達畫廊舉行1958 - 2000紙上作品回顧展,及米蘭省政府奧拜堂藝術空間舉行陶塑展。
獲台灣國家文藝獎美術獎。

2003
在全台六大學舉辦巡迴個展並作演講。

2004
「蕭勤繪畫歷程展1958 - 2004」在上海美術館展出。

2005 
17日被義大利總統授予「義大利團結之星騎士」勛章。

2006
「榮源 - 蕭勤七十回顧展1955 - 2005」在北京中國美術舉行。

2008
「蕭勤回顧展」在義大利巴爾瑪大學舉行。

2009
「蕭勤 - 無限之旅」回顧展在米蘭三年展舉行。

2010
高雄市立美術館舉行「大之境 — 向大師致敬系列:蕭勤75回顧展」。

2012
台灣台北台北市立美術館「非行之行」台灣抽象藝術。

2013
台灣台北大未來林舍畫廊「大能量」。

2014
台灣高雄荷軒新藝空間「蕭勤 永恆能量」。
台灣台北郭木生文教基金會「蕭勤 無限能量」。
台灣台北尊彩藝術中心「抽象.符碼.東方情 臺灣現代藝術巨匠」。

2015
香港德薩畫廊「抽象、和諧與形態的六十年歷程」。
國立台灣美術館舉辦『八十能量 蕭勤回顧展望』個展

2016
香港3812畫廊「蕭勤 無盡能量2016」。
台北耿畫廊「蕭勤 新能量 終點亦為起點」。
獲總統府頒發「二等景星勳章」。

2017
香港3812畫廊 「重要的六十年代 — 蕭勤作品沙龍展」。
從中國到臺灣:抽象藝術先鋒 1955-1985(比利時伊克塞爾博物館)
7月出版「與藝術的歷史對話(上、下冊)」。
8月成立蕭勤兒童藝術中心
9月香港藝術中心「與藝術的歷史對話」新書發表會。
9月上海藝術宮舉行「與藝術的歷史對話」新書發表2018回家大展系列活動。
11月高雄國際機場中央藝廊「永恆序章-蕭勤創作展」。

2018
2月香港慈山寺「禪.藝術:明光-向昇華致敬」展覽。
2月香港3812畫廊「無限」個展。
3月上海中華藝術宮「回家」個展。



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1935
Born in Shanghai; father Hsiao You-mei, a pioneer in contemporary Chinese music education, founded China’s first music school, the Shanghai Conservatory of Music, in 1927.

1949
Accompanies uncle Wang Hsueh-ting to Taiwan; transfers from Taichung No.2 Middle School to Taipei’s Chengkung Middle School.

1951
Enters the Art Department at Provincial Taipei Teacher’s College.

1952
Joins Li Chun-shan’s Antung St. studio, commencing formal study of modern art.

1956
Together with Hsia Yan, Wu Hao, Li Yuan-chia, Chen Tao-ming, Hsiao Ming-hsien, Ouyang Wen-yuan, and Ho Kan, participates in the founding of the first Chinese abstract painting movement, the Ton-Fan Art Group. In July, receives a scholarship from the Spanish government and heads to Madrid; upon discovering the extreme conservatism of the Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, resolves not to matriculate there and in November moves to Barcelona.

1957
Once again, perceiving the conservatism of the Escuela Superior de Bellas Artes La Lonja, Barcelona, determines not to pursue schooling and loses scholarship. Participates in French Circle Maillol Association and Royal Arts Association in Barcelona. The same year, Hsiao participates in the Barcelona IV Jazz Salon and is selected as one of the top ten outstanding painters; also, takes part in a series of Salon de Mayo, the most avant garde national exhibition at the time in Spain. First ever one-man show at the Mataró Fine Arts Museum near Barcelona. The firs Ton-Fan Art Group Exhibition is held at year’s end simultaneously in Taipei and Barcelona’s Galeria Jardin.

1959
First solo show in Italy at Florence’s Galleria Numero; moves to Milan.

1961
In Milan, creates Punto Art Movement together with the Italian artist A. Calderara; exhibition are held in Milan, Barcelona, Albissola, Florence, Taipei, Rotterdam, Macerata, Roma, Bologna, and Zürich; and numerous Spanish, French and Dutch artists join the movement. Holds first Milan solo exhibition at the Galleria Salone Annunciata, meets Giorgio Marconi, with whom he enters a long term collaboration.

1962
Marries the Italian painter Pia Pizzo.

1963
Marconi and M. d’Arquian assist Hsiao to enter contractual agreement with the prominent Galerie Internationale d’Art Contemporain, Paris.

1964
Works in Paris for three months; holds solo exhibition at Galerie Internationale d’Art Contemporain.

1966
Works in London for six months; exhibits at the Signals Gallery.

1967
Visits New York for the first time, remains there through 1972; daughter Samantha is born in New York. Solo exhibition at Rose Fried Gallery, New York; meets Mark Rothko.

1969
Teaches painting and drawing at Long Island University’s Southampton College; meets William De Kooning. Separates from Pia Pizzo.

1971 - 1972
Teaches visual theory at Milan’s Istituto Europeo di Design.

1972
Teaches painting and drawing at State University of Louisiana, United States. Travels to Mexico to study Aztec and Maya architecture and art.

1978
Founds the international Surya movement from Milan together with J. Tilson, G. Robusti and Kengiro Azuma. Returns to Taiwan by invitation as the first artist to participate in the National Reconstruction Council; proposes the construction of art museums and the sponsorship of various international arts exchange programs. Major solo exhibition at the National Museum of History in Taipei.

1980
Participates by invitation in events in Beijing and Shanghai commemorating the 40th anniversary of father Hsiao You-mei’s death, Hsiao’s lecture in the Red Flag Hall of the Ministry of Culture on 20thcentury Western art is well attended. This visit is Hsiao Chin’s first return to China in 31 years.

1981
25th anniversary joint exhibition of the Ton-Fan and Fifth Moon groups, Taipei.

1983 - 1984
Teaches art dissection and picture analysis at the Accademia di Belle Arti in Urbino.

1984 - 1985
Teaches Art Decoration at the Accademia di Belle Arti Albertina in Torino.

1985
Begins teaching printmaking at the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera, Milan until 1997 as a fully tenured professor.

1986
Hsiao is invited by the Chinese government to take part in events celebrating 100th anniversary of the birth of Sun Yat-sen. Travels and exhibits in Brazil.

1988
Exhibition of Contemporary Italian Artists, Moscow: visits Leningrad (St. Petersburg). Major 30-year retrospective exhibit at the Studio Marconi, Milan; exhibition catalogue is published by Gabriele Mazzotta Editore.

1990
Daughter Samantha dies in Los Angeles.

1991
Aggrieved by the death of his daughter, creates a new series under the theme The Great Threshold, relating his new outlook on life. 35th-year anniversary exhibition of Ton-Fan and Fifth Moon groups, Taipei.

1992
Hsiao Chin Retrospective Exhibition, Taiwan Museum of Art in Taichung.

1994
Retrospective exhibition at Beijing Central Art Accademy and Hangzhou Chinese Art Academy, Hsiao’s first exhibition in China.

1995
Hsiao Chin: the Odyssey 1953-1994, Taipei Fine Arts Museum.

1996
Marries the Austrian soprano Monika Unterberger in May. Teaches painting at Graduate Institute of Plastic Art in Tainan National University of the Arts from October continues to 2005.

1997
An exhibition Gathering Force on Hsiao’s recent works from 1990 to 1997 organized by the Dimensions Art Center.

1998
Exhibition of recent works at Galleria Il Ponte in Florence, Galerie Di Meo in Paris and a retrospective exhibition from 1958-1998 at Institut Mathildeh in Darmstadt.

2002
In January 22nd, the Milan Province’s Oberdan Space dedicates to him a ceramic sculptures exhibit, Milan’s Mudima Foundation dedicated him a recent large size painting exhibit, Milan’s Mudima Foundation dedicated him a recent large size painting exhibit, Milan’s Giò Marconi Gallery dedicated him a retrospective exhibit of paintings on canvas and also Lattuada Gallery in Milan a retrospective exhibit of Hsiao Chin’s work on paper, both from 1958 to 2001. National Fine Art Prize from National Culture and Arts Foundation, Taiwan.

2003 
Series of touring exhibitions in 6 universities of Taiwan and delivering speeches.

2004
The Journey of Hsiao Chin’s painting 1958-2004 at the Shanghai Art Museum.

2005
In January 7th was conferred by the Italian President C.A. Ciampi the honorable title of “Knight of Italian Solidarity Star”. Retrospective exhibition at Civic Museum Villa Colloredo of Recanati, Italy; retrospective exhibitions Hsiao Chin 1954-2004, a Journey back to the Source at Guangdong Art Museum & Zhongshan Art Museum.

2006
Glory to the Source, Hsiao Chin 1955-2005 retrospective exhibition at National Art Museum of China in Beijing.

2008
Retrospective exhibition at University of Parma

2009
Retrospective exhibition Viaggio in-finito 1995-2008 on the occasion of Triennale di Milano, Bovisa.

2010
Infinity of Chi: Retrospective of Hsiao Chin at Kaohsiung Museum of Fine Arts.

2012
Abstract art in Taiwan, Taipei Fine Art Museum, Taipei, Taiwan.

2013
Great ALL, Lin & Lin Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan.

2014
Infinite Energy ,Kuo Mu Sheng Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan.

2015
60 Years of Abstraction, Harmony and Form, De Sarthe Gallery, Hong Kong.
Eighty Years of Energy, Hsiao Chin’s Retrospect & Prospect, National Taiwan Museum of Fine Arts, Taiwan.

2016
Endless Energy, 3812 Gallery, Hong Kong.
Novel Energy : The End is the Beginning, Tina Keng Gallery, Taipei, Taiwan.
Awarded "Second Class Jing-Xing Medal" by the President of Republic of China.

2017
1960'S, AN IMPORTANT ERA : HSIAO CHIN SALON SHOW, 3812 Gallery, Hong Kong.
Publishes “A Historical Dialogue with Art”.
Founds the Hsiao Chin Children Art Education Center.
Holds “A Historical Dialogue with Art” Book Launch at Hong Kong Arts Center, Hong Kong.
Holds “A Historical Dialogue with Art” Book Launch and 2018 Home Coming Solo Exhibition Press Conference at China Art Museum, Shanghai.
Eternity Preface, Hsiao Chin’s Solo Exhibition at Central Gallery, Taiwan Kaohsiung International Airport.

2018
Zen. Art: Bright Light-Homage to Ascendence, Hsiao Chin’s Solo Exhibition, Tsz Shan Monastery, Hong Kong.
Infinity, Hsiao Chin’s Solo Exhibition, 3812 Gallery, Hong Kong.
Home Coming, Hsiao Chin’s Solo Exhibition, China Art Museum, Shanghai, China.


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